Sign In for Full Access

Quick access through the institutional single sign-on Manchester Met Sign In
Skip this for now
Public Access Here

Sign In for Free Access

Login with email for free guest access to a range of Rise content
Logging You In!
Incorrect Password (Click Here to Reset)! Passwords Must Match Password must be more than 8 characters
Skip this for now
Man Met Access Here

How to interpret findings meaningfully & write them up

Woo! We can now perform the tests; however, this isn’t very useful if we cannot interpret what they tell us!

Below is the output for the test we just learnt to run. This guide will tell you step by step how to interpret the results and write them up in a report style.

Are the values significant?


  • 1.09
  • 0.04
  • 0.98
  • 0.5

What do these Cramer’s V value mean?


  • 0.098
  • 0.85
  • 0.4

Cramer’s V Interpretation Guide

Zero – No association between variables 

0.2 – Weak association between the variables

0.4 – Medium association between variables 

0.6 – Strong association between variables 

0.8 – Strange (possible but check calculations) 

1 – Variables are perfectly associated

From the previous sprint answer the following…

What is the p value for the Chi-Square test?

  • Is the p value significant?
  • If applicable, what is the Cramer’s V value?
  • What strength of association does this imply?