A Deficit Model of Disability
Now we have considered the many definitions of inclusion, at the beginning of this course, we will consider specifically disability in relation to inclusion, in particular a deficit model of disability. This is a perspective which attributes failures such as lack of achievement, learning, or success in gaining employment to a personal lack of effort or deficiency in the individual, rather than to failures or limitations of the education and training system or to prevalent socio‐economic trends. We can use the word ‘systematic’ here, which means when thinking is embedded in laws and regulations within society. Here it is applied particularly to disability, but we could apply this model to other groups who are perceived ‘not to fit in’. It illustrates the point that underlying philosophies within society shape our values and beliefs and create prejudice and bias.
Watch the video below about two different models of disability, the social model and the medical model.
Then watch the presentation on the deficit perspective of disability and how the medical and social models have influenced legislation around inclusive Education in England.
Stop and Reflect:
The Language We Use
The language we use around disability is really important. Follow this link for more information. https://gmcdp.com/terminology-and-language
Read: The Argument Against Segregated Schooling.
Reasons Against Segregated Schooling (CSIE)
Read the document Reasons Against Segregated Schooling from the Centre for Studies on Inclusive Education (CSIE). In this document you will be presented with the argument for all children to be educated in mainstream settings. Do you agree with all of it, partially agree or disagree? Add your thoughts to your reflective log. http://www.csie.org.uk/resources/reasons-against-seg-04.pdf